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形容词ashamed的两个搭配

核心导读:1. be ashamed of (doing) sth 对(做)某事感到羞愧或惭愧。如: You really ought to be ashamed of that. 你实在应该对此感到惭愧。 He was ashamed of asking [having asked]such a simple question. 他由于问了这样简单的问题而感到难为情。 He is ashame

1. be ashamed of (doing) sth 对(做)某事感到羞愧或惭愧。如:

You really ought to be ashamed of that. 你实在应该对此感到惭愧。

He was ashamed of asking [having asked]such a simple question. 他由于问了这样简单的问题而感到难为情。

He is ashamed of his failure [having failed]. 他对自己的失败感到羞惭。

比较以下同义句型:

I am ashamed of that. / I am ashamed of myself for that. 我对此感到羞愧。

He is ashamed of being poor. / He is ashamed of himself for being poor. 他因为穷而感到羞惭。

2. be ashamed to do sth

(1) 因感到难为情或感到差耻而不愿某事。如:

I am ashamed to say so. 这样说我不好意思。

He was too ashamed to ask for help. 他不好意思请求帮助。

(2) 对做某事而感到羞愧或惭愧。如:

You should be ashamed to tell such lies. 撒这样的谎你应该感到羞愧。

He was ashamed to have made some careless mistakes. 他因出了些很粗心的差错而感到惭愧 初中数学。

注:该用法有时可换成 that 从句。如上面最后一句也可说成:

He was ashamed that he had made some careless mistakes.

再比较:

他因说谎而感到羞惭。

正:He was ashamed of having lied.

正:He was ashamed to have lied.

正:He was ashamed that he had lied.


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