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高中英语知识点归纳

核心导读:高中英语知识点归纳(一) 不定代词的用法 不定代词大都可代替名词和形容词,在句中可用作主语、宾语、表语和定语.如: 1.用作主语 Both of them are waiters.他们俩人都是男侍者. Is everybody here?人都到了吗? 2.用作宾语 I know little about the novel关于
  高中英语知识点归纳(一)
  不定代词的用法
  不定代词大都可代替名词和形容词,在句中可用作主语、宾语、表语和定语.如:
  1.用作主语
  Both of them are waiters.他们俩人都是男侍者.
  Is everybody here?人都到了吗?
  2.用作宾语
  I know little about the novel关于这本小说我知道的很少.
  I am speaking for myself,not for others.我只代表自己,不代表别人发言.
  I was interested in everything that the old man told me.我对于这位老人告诉我的一切都感兴趣.
  3.用作表语
  That's all for today. class is dismissed.今天就讲这一些.现在下课.
  This book is too much for me.这本书对我说太难了.
  4.用作定语
  Study well and make progress every day.好好学习,天天向上.
  He has some English books.他有一些英文书.
  china will become a powerful modern country in another twenty years.再过二十年中国将成为现代化强国.
  [注]有些不定代词也可用作同位语和状语.如:
  Wang and Li both made good progress.王和李两人都有很大进步.
  They all went to the Zoo.他们都去动物园了.
  Are you any good at mathematics?你数学好吗?
  The meeting lasted some two hours.会议进行了两个小时左右.
  高中英语知识点归纳(二)
  关系代词
  两种可用来引导从句并将从句和主句连接起来的代词
  这样的代词一方面在从句中用作句子成分,可作主语、宾语、定语等;另一方面又起连词的作用.这样的代词有关系代词和疑问代词两种.
  关系代词概说
  关系代词有who,whose,whom,that,which等,用来引导定语从句.它们在定语从句中可用作主语、宾语、定语或表语;另一方面它们又代表主句中为定语从句所修饰的那个名词或代词(这样的名词和代词叫做先行词).如:
  The man who is talking with Mr. Brown is an eye Specialist和布朗先生谈话的那个人是个眼科大夫.(关系代词who在从句中用作土语,它的先行词是man)
  He is the comrade whom you have been looking for他就是你要找的那位同志.(关系代词whom在从句中作宾语,它的先行词是comrade,whom在口语中一般可省去)
  The old man whose son is in the navy used to be carpenter.儿子在海军的那位老人过去是个木匠.
  (关系代词whose在从句中用作定语,先行词为man)
  The film which I saw last night is about a young teacher.我昨晚看的那部电影说的是一个年轻教师的事.(关系代词which在从句中用作宾语,先行词为film, which在口语中可省略)
  This is the plane that will fly to Tokyo in the afternoon.这是下午要飞往东京的飞机.(关系代词that在从句中用作主语,先行词为plane)
  高中英语知识点归纳(三)
  疑问代词概说
  "疑问代词有who(谁,主格),whom(谁,宾格),whose(谁的,所有格),what(什么)和which(哪个,哪些)等.
  疑问代词用于特殊疑问句中
  疑问代词一般都放在句首,并在句中作为某一句子成分.如:
  Who is going to speak to us tomorrow?明天谁来跟我们讲话?(who作主语)
  Who told you so?是谁告诉你的?(who作主语)
  Whom are you talking about ?你们在说谁?(whom作宾语,但在句首时口语常用who代替whom)
  Whose umbrella is this ?这是谁的伞?(whose作定语)
  What is that? 那是什么?(what作表语)
  What did he say?他说什么?(what作宾语)
  Which is yours,the blue pen or the redone?蓝笔和红笔哪一支是你的?(which作主语)
  [注一]关于疑问代词的各种用法,可参看77.70-77.72.
  [注二]疑问代词who,what,which等后面加单词ever,可强调语气,表达说话人的各种感情.如:
  What ever do you want?你到底想要什么?
  Who ever is she looking for ?她究竟是在找谁?
  [注三]which表示在一定范围之内的选择,what则没有这种限制.如:
  What do you usually have for lunch?你们午饭通常吃些什么?
  Which do you like best?你最喜欢哪一个?
  Which of you comrades come from the Northeast? 你们同志们中间谁是东北人?
  疑问代词可以引导一个间接疑问句
  间接疑问句在句中可用作主语、宾语、表语等.疑问代词本身在间接疑问句中又担任一定的句子成分.如:
  Who will be in charge of the work is still not decided.谁将负责这项工作,现在还没有决定.(疑问代词who引导一个主语从句,它本身又在从句中用作主语.)
  Do you know what his name is?你知道他叫什么名字吗?(疑问代词what引导一个宾语从句,而它本身又在从句中用作表语.)
  [注一] what所引导的名词性从句(即主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句) 有时不是间接疑问句.如:
  What he says is quite true.他所讲的话很对.(what相当于that which.它引导一个主语从句,这个从句不是间接疑问句.)
  Children do what the nurse tells them to do.保育员让孩子干什么他们就做什么.(what引导一个宾语从句,这个从句也不是间接疑问句.)
  [注二] whatever,whoever,whichever等词可引导名词性从句.这些名词性从句也不是间接疑问句.whatever,whoever,whichever也可引导表示让步的状语从句.见15.65和15.72)如:
  They eat whatever they can find.他们找到什么就吃什么.(whatever引导一个宾语从句,并在从句中作宾语.)
  I've got plenty of books 1eft.Whoever wants an extra copy can get one from me.我还剩下许多书,谁还想再要一本可来拿.(whoever引导一个主语从句,并在从句中作主语.)


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